Associazione ROMA – Rehabilitation & Outcome Measures Assessment
Associazione ROMA – Rehabilitation & Outcome Measures Assessment

General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS): Validazione Italiana nei Pazienti Ortopedici

The Italian version of the General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS-IT): Psychometric properties in a sample with hip and knee replacement

Giovanni Galeoto  , PhDORCID Icon,Alessia Scialpi , BD,Maria Letizia Grassi , BD,Anna Berardi , MD,Donatella Valente , MD,Marco Tofani , MDORCID Icon &Marco Paoloni , PhDORCID Icon

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GSDS Sleep
Foto di Silas Camargo Silão da Pixabay

Pubblicato su CRANIO The Journal of Craniomandibular & Sleep Practice l’articolo di validazione della GSDS – General Sleep Disturbance Scale in una popolazione con protesi di anca e di ginocchio. 



To use the Italian version of the General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS-IT) to assess the psychometric properties in a sample of orthopedic patients.


Participants were divided into sleepless and non-sleepless according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM-V). Reliability was assessed with Cronbach’s alpha. To evaluate responsiveness, the scale was administered a second time after the rehabilitation program.


The scale was administered to the 158 patients recruited. The GSDS-IT had good internal consistency (Cronbach’s α of 0.752) and good responsiveness (ICC of 0.78). The optimal cut-off point for the GSDS-IT was 48.5.


The GSDS-IT was demonstrated to be a valid and rapid tool to detect the presence of sleep disorders in a clinical setting in patients admitted to an intensive care unit and allowed the detection of the onset one week after admission and persisting until the time of discharge.

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